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Мандинка (Mandinka drums)

  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/keycaptcha/keycaptcha.module on line 179.
  • : Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/keycaptcha/keycaptcha.module on line 199.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/acidfree/acidfree.module on line 582.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_html_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_image_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_text_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/fivestar/fivestar.module on line 997.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to advpoll_voting_binary_form() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/form.inc on line 218.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_html_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_image_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_text_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_html_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_image_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_text_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/acidfree/acidfree.module on line 582.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.

Мандинка (Mandinka drums)

Мандинка (Mandinka drums) Мандинка (Mandinka drums): Сет из трех настроенных барабанов народности Mandinka, живущей в Сенегале и Гамбии. Каждый барабан вырезан из ствола mahogany/красного дерева или манго и покрыт выбритой козьей кожей, которая крепится деревянными колышками. Барабаны настраиваются как ответ одного другому в зависимости от размера. Барабанщик играет одной рукой и короткой палочкой и носит браслет из железных колокольчиков (jawungo) на запястье. В семью входят(начиная с меньшего): kutirindingo (или belamentengo), kutiriba (или belengo) и sabaro. В Штатах, все три барабана называют одним словом kutiro. Ритмы kutirindingo и kutiriba объединяются, чтобы создать опорный ритм, на фоне которого исполнитель на sabaro импровизирует соло. Музыка играет важную роль во многих аспектах жизни Mandinka, включая брак, церемонию присвоения имени, инициацию, полевые работы, спортивные игры и танцевальные вечеринки. Ритм частично меняется от деревни к деревне. Соседние народности Firdu Fula и Jola исполняют на барабанах Mandinka свою собственную музыку. У Jola их используют исключительно на спортивных состязаниях.

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