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Балафон

  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/keycaptcha/keycaptcha.module on line 179.
  • : Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/keycaptcha/keycaptcha.module on line 199.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/acidfree/acidfree.module on line 582.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_html_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_image_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_text_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/fivestar/fivestar.module on line 997.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • : Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/file.inc on line 649.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to advpoll_voting_binary_form() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/form.inc on line 218.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_html_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_image_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
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  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_html_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_image_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to ad_text_adapi() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/includes/module.inc on line 406.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/acidfree/acidfree.module on line 582.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/modules/filter/filter.module on line 1200.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 152.
  • : Function split() is deprecated in /home/u3761/domains/tumba-yumba.com/sites/all/modules/noindex_external_links/noindex_external_links.module on line 153.

Балафон

Балафон (balafon, bala, balaphone) — ударный музыкальный инструмент, идиофон. Характерен для многих стран Африки: Мозамбик, Ангола, Бенин, Габон, Гамбия, республика Конго, Камерун, Малави, Мали, Сенегал, Чад и на Мадагаскаре.

Инструмент состоит из 15-22 прямоугольных дощечек, изготовленных из дерева Ши или других твердых пород. До обработки дощечки сушатся в натуральных условиях и на костре, при настройке их подпиливают до получения нужного звука. Под дощечками размещены резонаторы — тыквы. В них часто насыпают мелкие камешки или высушенные семена, что приводит к более грязному и дребезжащему звуку. Части балафона соединяются между собой кожаными ремешками.

Как и на других подобных инструментах, на балафоне играют специальными палочками. Он используется бродячими артистами-гриотами как в качестве солирующего инструмента, так и для сопровождения пения.

 

Типы балафонов.

A balafon can be either fixed-key (where the keys are strung over a fixed frame, usually with calabash resonators underneath) or free-key (where the keys are placed independently on any padded surface). The balafon usually has 17-21 keys, tuned to a tetratonic, pentatonic or heptatonic scale, depending on the culture of the musician.

The balafon is generally capable of producing 18 to 21 notes, though some are built to produce many fewer notes (16, 12, 8 or even 6 and 7). Balafon keys are traditionally made from béné wood, dried slowly over a low flame, and then tuned by shaving off bits of wood from the underside of the keys. Wood is taken off the middle to flatten the key or the end to sharpen it.

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